If we want to talk about Chinese hot spring culture, we should start with emperors. China is one of the countries with the largest number of hot springs in the world, and also one of the countries with the earliest utilization of hot springs. The hot spring culture has a long and glorious history, with more than 5,000 years of hot spring culture.
The earliest records of emperors bathing in hot springs are from the yellow emperor. Anhui huangshan have huangshan hot spring, ancient called "ling quan", "tang quan", "cinnabar spring", from the ziyun peak gushing out, and peach blossom peak across the stream and look, and legend xuanyuan yellow emperor is in this bath on the seventh and fourth day of the feather heaven. There are folklore: xuanyuan yellow emperor in the yellow mountain hot spring bath, hair from white to black, rejuvenated, yellow emperor very happy, will be called the yellow mountain hot spring "ling quan". Since then, hot springs have been known all over the world and have long been known as famous springs in southeast China. Tang dynasty poet jia dao once issued "ya zai philosopher's death, this water really my teacher" feeling.
But to say with the emperor the deepest origin, should be shaanxi huaqing pool. Huaqing pool is the earliest hot spring recorded in Chinese literature, and it is also the most familiar hot spring, known as "the best hot spring in the world". Qin shi huang, tang taizong, tang xuanzong and other outstanding emperors have forged an indissoluble bond with them. Huaqingchi is located at the northwest foot of mount li in lintong county, 30 kilometers away from xi 'an. In ancient times, it has been a tourist resort near chang 'an. The lishan hot spring was discovered 2,800 years ago. By the time of the western zhou dynasty, the hot spring here had been named "star soup". The king of you had built a lishan palace here. When qin shihuang was the first emperor of China, he built a lishan palace here. During the reign of emperor wudi of the han dynasty, the imperial palace was expanded again.
In Chinese history, the large-scale utilization of hot springs originated in qin and han dynasties and flourished in tang dynasty. In the 18th year of emperor taizong's zhenguan (645), many palaces were built on the lishan mountain, such as the tang spring palace. Tang xuanzong tianbao six years, and in this building, the construction of the palace, renamed "huaqing palace", the scale is more magnificent, there are two pavilions, four doors, four floors, five tang, ten halls. Tang xuanzong brought Yang guifei here every winter to feast and bathe. The poet bai juyi once wrote in the famous poem "song of everlasting sorrow" : "looking back with a smile a hundred charming students, six palace pink dai no color. Spring cold gift bath huaqing pool, spring water slippery wash coagulate fat. With xuanzong's frequent visits, businessmen gather around the palace, forming a new city on the east side of the capital.
Down, there are kangxi, qianlong soak up the soup story. Every time the qing emperor went to the eastern tombs of the qing dynasty to bathe in "tang quan", kangxi emperor once wrote a poem to praise: "tang quan spring water boiling and clear, fairy source remote from cinnabar health, soak in the sun bath on the efferent liquid, microwave fine waves flow zheng", while soaking in the hot spring, while the review, "work", "leisure" not the same. Emperor qianlong also left behind the story of his palace. In this steam transpiration dense in, water temperature seeps into skin slowly, the whole body can get the biggest relaxation in this warm water.
It is not difficult to see, the ancient spas for noblewomen always standard, obscurity is the man who is unable to enjoy the hot springs of this special privilege, in modern times, people discovered the various can for people to enjoy the bath, all kinds of artificial hot spring across the nation, now is not the exclusive dignitaries, bubble hot spring bring wonderful experience anyone can enjoy the hot springs.